How to Care For Monstera Deliciosa Plant (Swiss Cheese Plant)

The Monstera Deliciosa plant is one of the most distinctive, fascinating houseplants out there – also known and the Swiss cheese plant or split-leaf philodendron. Its characteristic leaves with holes and splits can easily bring tropical vibes into your home.

When this plant thrives, it grows fast and you will start seeing healthy, beautiful split Monstera leaves with those signature holes in them. That said, learning how to care for your Monstera plant isn’t difficult. It’s an easy companion that can even reach the ceiling relatively quickly if it gets the care and love it needs.

If you’re thinking of buying a Monstera plant or have one already, you should know a few simple tricks to make it thrive.

This post will walk you through the most essential care tips for the Monstera Deliciosa plant. If you’re new to this species or to houseplants in general, you’re in the right place. I’ll also cover some of the most common questions I get asked about this beautiful houseplant.

In this guide, I’ll walk you through the essential care tips for the Monstera Deliciosa plant from proper watering and lighting to repotting and fertilizing. With these simple tips this stunning houseplant will thrive in your home.

Whether you’re a seasoned plant parent or just starting out, mastering Monstera care will elevate your indoor gardening game and keep your beloved plant healthy and vibrant.

Let’s go!

Understanding the Monstera Deliciosa Plant

Taking care of your Monstera Deliciosa doesn’t have to be daunting. As a popular choice for indoor plant enthusiasts, this tropical plant is renowned for its unique fenestrated leaves and low maintenance requirements.

I’ve been a massive fan of this plant since my teenage years, when it completely captivated me by its unique appeal. It’s relatively easy to take care of and it’s definitely an eye-catcher once it grows taller and fills up a corner in your living room or even in an outdoor space.

To get started with this plant, this section provides an overview of the Monstera Deliciosa and outlines the incredible benefits of nurturing this magnificent plant.

Overview of Monstera Deliciosa

Picture a lush green tropical forest, and right in the midst of it, you notice strikingly distinctive leaves with natural holes and splits. This is the Monstera Deliciosa, native to the rainforests of Central America.

Its large, glossy, heart-shaped leaves make it an alluring addition to any indoor space. The plant has a fascinating growth pattern, producing aerial roots and climbing, giving it an almost otherworldly appearance.

The Monstera is native to hot, humid, tropical forests of Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, and Panama. Thus, it prefers humid, sunny, and warm growing conditions.

Benefits of Growing Monstera Deliciosa

One of the biggest benefits of the Monstera plant is its ornamental charm and its unique look with the split leaves.

But the benefits of growing a Monstera Deliciosa extend beyond its looks. As it matures, this plant becomes a living work of art, gracing your home with its grandeur.

Also, like most houseplants, the Monstera Deliciosa is also wonderful for purifying the air, making it an excellent choice for indoor environments.

Its low-maintenance nature and remarkable resilience make it an ideal choice for plant enthusiasts of all levels.

Additionally, the joy that comes from watching this plant flourish and grow is truly unparalleled, making it a delightful companion in any living space.

Care Tips for Monstera Deliciosa

So how should you care for your Monstera Deliciosa? How can you make sure it’ll thrive in your home and grow fast to produce those signature split leaves?

Taking care of a Monstera Deliciosa involves providing the right environment for it to thrive. Here are the essential care tips for ensuring your Monstera Deliciosa grows healthy and vibrant:

1: Soil

The Monstera prefers a well-draining, aerated potting mix, rich in organic matter, such as peat or compost. This will help prevent waterlogging, ensuring optimal conditions for root development.

2: Sunlight

Placing your Monstera plant in bright, indirect light is ideal. Harsh, direct sunlight can scorch the leaves, while too little light might slow down its growth.

3: Water

The Monstera plant thrives when you keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. It’s important to allow the top inch of the soil to dry out before watering the plant again.

Overwatering can quickly lead to root rot, so it’s crucial to find the right balance. Once you get to know your Monstera, watering it will become easier.

My tip: The easiest way to find out whether your Monstera needs more water is to carefully dig a bit deeper into the soil with your finger. If the soil feels damp, you may want to wait a bit longer until watering the plant. If the soil feels dry, your Monstera is thirsty.

4: Fertilization

A universal rule of thumb for fertilizing your houseplants is: the more light they get, the faster they will grow. And since growth requires nutrients, plants that get more light will also need more fertilizer.

During the growing season, a balanced liquid fertilizer applied once a month can provide the nutrients your Monstera needs to flourish.

During winter months, the plant gets less sunlight and it also grows more slowly. Thus, it doesn’t need as much fertilizer.

Be cautious not to over-fertilize, as this can damage the roots.

5: Temperature

The Monstera plant appreciates a warm, humid climate and suffers in temperatures below 50°F (10°C).

To help your plant thrive, keep it in an environment with temperatures between 65-85°F (18-29°C).

6: Humidity

Being native to tropical rainforests, Monsteras thrive in a humid environment. Therefore, misting the leaves or placing the plant near a humidifier can help simulate the tropical conditions it prefers.

Of course, not everyone has an air humidifier at home. If that’s the case for you, no worries. Misting the leaves ever so often is an easy way to help your plant grow and thrive.

That said, avoid placing the Monstera plant close to radiators.

Repotting the Monstera Deliciosa Plant

As with any houseplant, the Monstera Deliciosa also needs repotting ever so often. It’s a relatively fast-growing plant, so you may be surprised by how quickly the pot fills up and becomes too small.

When it comes to repotting your Monstera, timing is everything. Aim for spring or summer, as this is when your plant is in its active growing phase.

Choose a pot that’s one size bigger than the current one, as Monstera enjoys a little room to stretch its roots.

Gently tease out the roots before placing it in the new pot with fresh, well-draining soil.

Remember to water it well after repotting to minimize transplant shock, and voila! Your Monstera is all set for a new chapter of growth and greenery.

Propagation of the Monstera Deliciosa

I absolutely love it when I can turn one houseplant into several ones by propagating them. In fact, it’s probably one of the most rewarding experiences for any plant parent. Watching baby Monstera shoots grow into lush, full plants can bring a special kind of joy.

There are a few different methods to propagate Monstera Deliciosa. My personal favorite – and probably the easiest method – is water propagation. Simply snip a healthy stem with a few leaves and place it in a jar of water. After about 2 to 4 weeks, you’ll notice tiny roots starting to form. At first, the roots will be fine and brittle – so be careful with them. Once the roots look thick and sturdy enough for potting, it’s time to plant your new Monstera baby into soil.

Another method is soil propagation, where you simply plant the cutting directly into moist soil and watch it grow. Of course, this method is easier and quicker since you don’t have to wait for the roots to grow before planting your Monstera. However, soil propagation isn’t as foolproof as water propagation. Sometimes the plant doesn’t grow roots at all, or if the soil is too wet, the cutting simply starts rotting.

Therefore, if you want to play it safe, I recommend water propagation for the Monstera plant.

How to Prune Monstera Deliciosa

Pruning is an essential aspect of caring for your Monstera Deliciosa. It not only helps maintain the plant’s shape but also encourages healthy growth.

And what’s even better: pruning means you will often end up with cuttings that you can place in water to grow roots on them. Hence, pruning is a great way to propagate your plant at the same time.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to pruning your Monstera Deliciosa:

Step 1: Assessing the Plant’s Needs

Before you dive into pruning, take a moment to assess your plant.

Look for any yellowing or browning leaves, as these are indicators of the parts that may need pruning. If you end up pruning browning leaves, don’t use them for propagation since they may carry diseases and pests.

Additionally, examine the overall shape of the plant and identify any overgrown or leggy stems that require attention.

Step 2: Selecting the Right Tools

To ensure a successful pruning, it’s crucial to have the right tools at hand.

Sharp and sterilized pruning shears or scissors are ideal for making clean cuts without causing unnecessary damage to the plant.

Additionally, have a soft cloth and some rubbing alcohol ready to sterilize the tools, minimizing the risk of spreading any potential diseases.

Step 3: Removing Dead or Damaged Foliage

Start by gently removing any dead or damaged leaves. These are not just unsightly but can also drain the plant’s energy, hindering its overall growth.

Use sterile, sharp pruning shears or scissors to snip these off at the base, taking care not to damage any healthy foliage in the process.

Step 4: Trimming Overgrown Stems

Monstera Deliciosa can display impressive growth, but sometimes this can lead to leggy or overgrown stems.

To maintain a balanced and bushy appearance, prune back any excessively long or unruly stems. Focus on cutting just above a node or leaf to promote new growth in a desirable direction.

Step 5: Managing Aerial Roots

If your Monstera Deliciosa has aerial roots starting to take over, consider trimming them down to a manageable length. This helps maintain a tidy appearance and encourages the plant to focus its energy on foliage growth rather than excessive root development.

Step 6: Finishing Touches

Once the pruning is complete, gently wipe the blades of your pruning shears with the cloth and rubbing alcohol to prevent the transfer of any potential pathogens to other parts of the plant.

Resume your regular care routine, ensuring the plant is well-watered and placed in optimal conditions to aid post-pruning recovery.

Pruning your Monstera Deliciosa may seem daunting at first, but with the right approach and tools, it becomes a rewarding aspect of plant care. By staying attentive to your plant’s needs and regularly pruning to maintain its health and aesthetics, you’ll be rewarded with a flourishing and vibrant Monstera Deliciosa.

Common Problems With Monstera Deliciosa

Monstera deliciosa is a resilient plant, but it is not immune to common problems that can affect its growth and overall health. Understanding these issues is essential to ensure your Monstera thrives.


Pests can be particularly vexing for Monstera owners. The most common pests that affect Monstera deliciosa are:

  • Spider mites
  • Mealybugs
  • Scale insects

These pests can sap the plant’s vitality, causing wilting leaves, yellowing, and stunted growth.

To address any pests, I recommend regularly inspecting your plant for any signs of pests and using natural remedies such as neem oil or insecticidal soap to keep them at bay.

Additionally, maintaining a clean and well-ventilated environment around your Monstera can help prevent pest infestations.


While Monstera deliciosa is relatively resistant to diseases, overwatering can lead to root rot, a common issue that can affect the plant’s health. Symptoms of root rot include wilting, yellowing leaves, and a foul odor emanating from the soil.

To prevent root rot, ensure proper drainage for your Monstera and allow the soil to partially dry out between waterings.

If your plant shows signs of root rot, you may need to repot it into fresh, well-draining soil and trim away any affected roots to promote recovery.

FAQ: How to Care for Monstera Deliciosa

Monstera Deliciosa, also known as the Swiss Cheese Plant, is a popular choice for indoor plant enthusiasts due to its unique leaves and low maintenance.

Here are the answers to some commonly asked questions regarding the care of Monstera Deliciosa:

When Will My Monstera Leaves Split and Have Holes?

The fenestrations, or splits, in Monstera leaves usually develop as the plant matures, typically when the plant is around 2-3 years old. The fenestrations develop as a natural part of the plant’s growth process and are influenced by factors such as light, water, and overall health. The older your Monstera plant gets, the more ornamental the leaves will become.

Where to Cut Monstera for Propagation?

To propagate your Monstera Deliciosa, look for a healthy stem with a few leaves and aerial roots. Using a clean, sharp knife or shears, make a diagonal cut just below a node. Place the cutting in water or a well-draining potting mix, and roots should begin to develop within a few weeks.

Why Are My Monstera Leaves Turning Yellow?

Yellowing leaves on a Monstera Deliciosa can be a sign of overwatering, underwatering, or nutrient deficiencies. Ensure that your plant is receiving adequate but not excessive water, and consider using a balanced fertilizer to provide essential nutrients.

What to Do With Monstera Aerial Roots?

Aerial roots are a natural characteristic of the Monstera Deliciosa and serve to anchor the plant and absorb moisture and nutrients. You can gently tuck the aerial roots back into the soil, or provide a moss pole or trellis for the plant to climb and support itself.

Why Do My Monstera Leaves Curl?

Curling Monstera leaves can be a result of low humidity, underwatering, or exposure to direct sunlight. Consider misting the plant, using a humidifier, adjusting watering frequency, and moving it to a location with indirect light to help alleviate leaf curling.

How Much Light Does Monstera Deliciosa Need?

Monstera Deliciosa thrives in bright, indirect light. It should be shielded from direct sunlight, as this can cause sunburn and damage the leaves. A north or east-facing window is ideal for providing the necessary light conditions.

Where Should I Place My Monstera Plant?

Place your Monstera Deliciosa in a spacious area with ample room for its vines to grow and expand. It can thrive in a room with a consistent temperature between 65-85°F and high humidity levels. Avoid placing your Monstera plant close to radiators, since this may cause browning of the leaves.

Where Is the Monstera Deliciosa Native to?

The Monstera Deliciosa is native to the tropical rainforests of southern Mexico. It is also found in other Central and South American countries, where it climbs tree trunks and branches in its natural habitat. Monstera Deliciosa’s origins in the lush rainforests provide valuable insight into its care requirements, emphasizing the need for warmth, humidity, and indirect light to ensure its well-being.


In conclusion, caring for your Monstera Deliciosa involves providing it with the right amount of light, water, and humidity.

Remember to water it when the top inch of the soil is dry and avoid overwatering as this can lead to root rot.

Place your plant in bright, indirect sunlight and mist the leaves regularly to increase humidity.

Additionally, consider providing support for the plant as it grows, and keep an eye out for any signs of pests or diseases.

By following these simple care tips, you can ensure that your Monstera Deliciosa thrives and adds a touch of lush greenery to your indoor space.

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